Causes of Eczema and How to Cure it

by Paul on February 21, 2014

The skin is the largest, most sensitive organ in the human body. Every woman knows that a glowing, healthy skin will look better than all the make-up in the world, but sometimes, no matter how hard we try, there are certain skin problems that cannot be resolved simply with the help of random products. Eczema is one of them. This skin rash (which can range from small sections of slightly itchy skin, to inflamed, oozing, crusted areas covering the entire body) is also known by the name of atopic dermatitis. Although cases rarely become as extreme as irritations over the entire body, eczema can be commonly found in the folds of arms and legs, the back of the neck, of the hands, tops of feet and the wrists. It is something nobody wants to deal with, but sometimes it is inevitable, and because prevention is always better than cure, we would like to discuss about the causes, types and possible treatments for this skin disease.

Causes of Eczema

Even more frustrating than the itching, and irritations, is the seemingly random nature of this disease. According to theories, eczema is a type of immune response, where the skin can respond abnormally to things as benign as water. While there were no solid leads, to tell us more about its development, we do know that children that have parents both suffering from eczema, have a 80% chance of developing it themselves. In addition to this, stress and lack of sleep can also worsen eczema flare-ups, or even prolong them.

Types of Eczema

Even if the causes of eczema are still unclear, it seems that the types of eczema are pretty simple to catalog. First we have the allergic or irritant contact dermatitis which occurs at the moment of contact between a substance and an immune system that overreact to it. This can be anything from sanitizer to grass, detergents, cotton, or even water. We would also like to remember eyelid dermatitis, a subset of this condition, which is particularly common among women that use hair products. The best way to get rid of this type of eczema is to stop using any type of suspicious product that might have caused the problem in the first place.

Another type of eczema that you might encounter is serborrhoeic eczema, commonly known for affecting babies during the first year of their life. Although the illness may look very uncomfortable, it is actually rarely itchy or felt by the baby. Atopic eczema, is the most pernicious and paynful type of eczema, and in most situations, it is impossible to bear. Last but not least, nommular eczema, which can be found in the legs, looks like coin-shaped patches of pink-red skin. If left untreated, the spots darken and thicken.

How to Treat Eczema

Apparently, there is no cure for eczema yet, but there are many successful medications and natural cosmetics that may help alleviate the symptoms.

  • If you usually have eczema problems, then you should probably avoid irritants such as cotton, and other substances which can be found in cosmetics and cause rashes. We recommend that you regularly apply moisturizer within seconds of washing any body part.

  • In severe cases, eczema can be cured with the help of oral steroids. However, you should have consulted a doctor beforehand, as they might have severe side-effects.

  • Immunomodulators is another technique that you might not have heard about. It was approved by the FDA in 2001. Basically, it has no cortisones or steroids but It isn’t considered a drug because it has positive effects on the skin’s immune system.

  • Gentle, effective skin-care can go a long way. There is nothing better than a line of defense between you and the environment’s germs. Your skin’s outer-layer will protect you from attacks.

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